- 1 Requirements For Tomatoes Proper Growth
- 2 🍅 Temperature
- 3 🍅 Soil Requirements
- 4 🍅 Sunlight
- 5 🍅 Watering
- 6 🍅 Fertilizer
- 7 🍅 Support
- 8 🍅 Pot Size
- 9 Types Of Tomatoes That Can Grow In Pots
- 10 Suitable Types Of Pots
- 11 🪴 Plastic Pots
- 12 🪴 Fabric Pots
- 13 How To Grow Tomatoes Properly In A Pot
- 14 🌱 Check the state of the soil constantly.
- 15 🌱 Nutrition through fertilizer
- 16 🌱 Prevent the infestation of pests as much as possible
- 17 🌱 Prevent weed growth
- 18 🌱 Watch out for the season.
- 19 Bottom Line
Tomatoes are mass-produced in many countries due to the buyers’ high demand for their general uses. They are usually grown in large farms and fields in order to ensure a stable supply. However, they can also be produced within your home and even through pots like other plants. This can make sure that you have a source of tomatoes in the comfort of your home. Who knows when you might need one for the salad you are making? In this article, we will be showing you how you can grow tomato plants in pots. But first, we need to figure out the conditions and requirements required in order to do it successfully.
Requirements For Tomatoes Proper Growth
Tomato seeds would need a temperature of around 65 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit in order to germinate. Temperatures that are too low can cause the seeds to germinate slower than usual. The typical range for their germination period is about six days to 2 weeks. Once they have grown, they would require the proper amount of watering, depending on the temperature. If the temperature is more than 70 degrees Fahrenheit, more frequent watering is needed.
🍅 Soil Requirements
Tomatoes will need to have a rich soil that they can quickly gain nutrition from. The acidity levels would need to reach 6.2 to 6.8 pH in order for them to grow correctly. You should also add 4 inches deep of compost and mix it with the soil for more nutrients. Please make sure the soil is loamy, and the tomato should show signs of proper coloring within its first weeks.
Because tomatoes usually grow in sunny seasons, they will need direct sunlight. Therefore, please place them in an area where sunlight can reach in the majority of the daytime. This will range for about 6-8 hours per day, depending on the level of temperature. Too much will cause the tomato to wilt, while too little can cause the plant to lose its color. It will take a lot of balance, which also applies to the following requirement.
Tomatoes will need sessions of watering depending on the area’s temperature. The water should between 1 to 2 inches on the surface of the soil. Be careful when watering the tomato because balance is very much needed. The tomato can become soggy if you put too much and dry if you give too little. Maintaining the right amount of moisture is essential to prevent the growth of weeds. Too much humidity can cause weeds to grow, but this can be fixed using mulch.
Tomatoes should be fertilized when you first plant them in the pot. It depends on the content of your soil, but people generally balance fertilizers. Make sure to keep some distance away from the tomato and the fertilizer. If the fertilizer comes in contact with the growing roots, it can potentially burn or kill the plant. Spread the fertilizer evenly around the pot’s area in order to prevent damage.
Once they grow, tomatoes will “climb” like other vegetables. Basically, they will appear as vines that need support for their weight. The weight in their stem can become heavier once they start sprouting the tomatoes themselves. You should give the tomatoes some kind of support within the pot. It can either be made of wood or steel, depending on your resources. Please do not attempt to tie or twist the stem or branches of the plant around its supporting base. This can cause the branch to become cut when it grows due to the sharpness of the support. Plants are pretty fragile, especially to solid objects like wood or iron. You just have to ensure the plant grows properly using the support, which means it grows upwards.
🍅 Pot Size
Tomatoes will also need a certain amount of space in order to grow correctly. The minimum requirements are about 20 inches in diameter and 24 inches in depth. This has to be followed to ensure your tomato will grow to its maximum size. Too little space can somewhat suffocate the plant significantly if it is constantly growing.
Types Of Tomatoes That Can Grow In Pots
Certain types of tomatoes are more suitable in pots than other commercial types. This will ensure they will grow and produce the tomato properly within their containers. These types of tomatoes include:
- Patio Tomato
- Stakeless Tomato
- Big Boy Tomato
- Early Girl Tomato
- Pixie Tomato
- Toy Boy Tomato
- Tiny Tim Tomato
- Micro Tom Tomato
- Floragold Tomato
- Tumbler Tomato
- Terenzo F1 Tomato
Suitable Types Of Pots
Certain pots can also promote growth for tomato plants. So it is best to go with these containers if you have access to them. These include:
Clay pots are one of the most common types of pots that can be used. They are heavy, which can prevent them from tumbling in the event of a strong wind. They also allow the air to go around within the roots, which can keep temperatures stable. The only downside of clay pots is their tendency to absorb too much heat. Because they are put in direct sunlight, the clay tends to absorb too much heat, causing the soil to become dry.
🪴 Plastic Pots
Plastic pots are a good choice, mainly if they are recycled. They have quite the same benefits as the clay pots, but they tend to be much lighter. Unless your purpose is to recycle them, clay pots are more recommended to use. This is because too much heat can cause damage to the plastic container. It has a tendency to melt in high temperatures.
🪴 Fabric Pots
Fabric pots are less damaging than buying commercial plastic pots. They are also suitable for promoting the proper growth of roots. Fabric pots have the same benefits that clay pots can provide. The only disadvantage is that similar to the plastic pot; and they are relatively lighter than clay pots. However, these are cheaper than the other previously mentioned pots. This would be, of course, if you did not buy a pot and instead recycled plastic materials for one.
How To Grow Tomatoes Properly In A Pot
Now that the basics have been covered and you have chosen your resources, we can proceed to this part. You should add the necessary resources, and these would include the pot, the soil, the correct tomato plant, starting fertilizer, and support.
🌱 Check the state of the soil constantly.
Check if the soil becomes too dry so that you can add water accordingly. This is especially true for areas that are above the usual temperatures tomatoes thrive in. Temperatures above 70 degrees Fahrenheit should have watering sessions frequently.
🌱 Nutrition through fertilizer
In order for tomatoes to produce good qualities of the vegetable, nutrition is needed. So make sure that your plants get a steady nourishment through fertilizer and plant mix.
🌱 Prevent the infestation of pests as much as possible
Pests are really harmful and can destroy the plants that you worked hard for in order to grow. Prevention is relatively easy with the proper preparation before the tomato is planted. Please place them in the right area where you can appropriately monitor them. Pesticides are not always good, so you might as well go for organic alternatives. Certain scented herbs can repel pests, such as basil, lavender, and rosemary.
🌱 Prevent weed growth
Weeds can leech off of the nutrients in the soil that were meant for your plants. In order to prevent them from growing, you must monitor your plants regularly. This includes pulling them out if needed, as long as you are careful not to pull out your own plant. You can also use a mulch to create an unsuitable environment for weeds to grow in while still helping your plants grow.
🌱 Watch out for the season.
Usually, tomato plants have a hard time surviving during the winter season. They can either survive the season or not. Most tomato plants die due to the cold temperatures. Placing them indoors in order to provide warmth is not ideal because they need sunlight to thrive. The best choice is to put them near banana leaves which produce chemicals that promote ripening. This way, you can make the most out of your plant’s remaining tomatoes. If tomatoes do survive, however, they can still mature and regrow the following year. Just take note that they are perennial, which means they live for over two years.
Tomatoes can be rewarding if you provide them with the proper care and environment. Make sure to use organic products as much as possible. This is because commercial chemicals have a tendency to contaminate the tomato that you harvested. Commercially sold tomatoes should be cleaned thoroughly in order to cleanse the substances. Monitor them frequently, as they are often in need of balanced conditions in their environment. Gardening can be hard work, but it can be a rewarding experience once you finally reap what you sow.